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The Department of Social Welfare (DoSW) became an independent department on the subject of Women and Child Development on April 1, 2007. The key mandate of the Department is the protection of the interests and rights of women, children, older persons and persons with disabilities, with focus on the marginalised sections of society.
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Schemes And Programmes
Mukhya Mantri Nari Shakti Yojana:

The Mukhya Mantri Nari Shakti Yojana is a comprehensive scheme with provisions of diverse and innovative schemes focusing on social, economic and cultural empowerment of women. It allows development special schemes for children and women affected by domestic violence besides setting up of women’s helpline, protection homes, short stay homes, palnaghar, constitution of self-help groups, promoting inter-caste marriage, nutrition and capacity building.

Economic Empowerment

  • Formation, Strengthening and Capacity Building of Women Self-Help Groups (SHGs): Under "Mukhyamantri Nari Shakti Yojana" the process of formation, strengthening and capacity building of women SHGs is being carried out in 165 blocks of 27 identified Districts of the State. The scheme covers 6131 villages of 1532 Panchayat areas. The Women Development Corporation (WDC) is promoting various activities to achieve the objective of mainstreaming the women from deprived and poor communities by organizing them for their overall development and empowerment. The Corporation believes that SHGs can be instrumental in making women self-reliant and in empowering them to access resources. The WDC's efforts are mainly aimed at encouraging women SHG members to engage in income generation activities to bring about a qualitative change in their standards of living.
  • Achievement – So far 37492 Self Help Groups have already been formed by the Corporation.

Grant for Initial Capital Fund Formation to Block Level Cooperative Societies: Initial Capital fund is an important component of "Mukhyamantri Nari Shakti yojana". It has been designed to provide access to financial and technical resources through Block Level Cooperative Societies to SHGs. It is based on members' demand based on participatory micro planning. The amount that is provided at the rate of Rs. 20,000/- per SHG is not sufficient for removing poverty of all families covered under this scheme, but it is used as a means to create credit good will to enable the SHGs to avail loan from the mainstream credit organizations like banks and other institutions. The purpose is to improve the livelihood of the poor and to make their organizations sustainable.

Achievement – Up till now a total loan of Rs. 10, 12, 16,500 has been distributed to 6,050 Self Help Groups.

(a) Infrastructural Development to make SHGs/Corporative Societies Efficient: Under the process of formation and strengthening of SHGs, the Corporation encourages and provides capacity building support to the SHGs for formation of Federations at Block level. It also provides technical advice and support for this purpose. Under this scheme, assistance for infrastructural development and technical support is also provided to cooperative societies for organization developmental and various income generation activities.
Achievement: The Women Development Corporation has formed Cooperative Societies of the Block level Self Help Groups in 66 Blocks of 17 districts of the state (the process of registration of 13 out of 66 committees is under progress). For the year 2011-12 a target of formation of 16 new Cooperative Societies has been set up; out of these 4 Cooperative Societies has already been formed.

(b) Providing Opportunities to Self-help Groups/Cooperative Societies: The corporation provides infrastructural support and training to the Self-help Groups and their Block Level Cooperative Societies in order to make them self reliant and efficient. Apart from this it also provides technical and financial help for action research, project studies and for preparing Project Reports. Along with this efforts are made to raise awareness of SHG members regarding various Government Schemes to enable them to avail the benefits of these schemes.

Achievement - Under this scheme, a project is being implemented for the women of weaver community in Bihar sharif Block of Nalanda District. In Fulwari sharif Block, training on production and marketing of sanitary napkins is being provided to women SHG members to promote their livelihood. The local Cooperative Society in Samastipur Sadar Block is being encouraged to start tent house business. In Maner Block of Patna District, the local Cooperative Society is carrying out a number of livelihood activities in collaboration with a technically equipped organization called Livelihood School. Apart from this, 5 Cooperative Societies of SHGs are being provided support for bamboo handcraft (in Kalyanpur, Samastipur), Madhubani Art and jute folder making (in Darbhanga Sadar and Bahadurgarh, Darabhanga) and tent house business (in Vajeergaunj and Barachatti).

  • Training in Service Sector: The Women Development Corporation is implementing a scheme to provide vocational training to qualified poor women and adolescent girls to enhance their occupational skills. Under this scheme the selected women and adolescent girls are provided training on house keeping, beautician trade, computer operation and sales management by experienced and qualified training institutions/organisations.

During the year 2010-11 this scheme was implemented in all Divisional Headquarters. Major achievements of this scheme are as follows:

Computer Operation Sales Management> House Keeping Beautician trade
Trainees 1020 90 510 360
Employment Provided 160 37 122 186

Under this scheme, applications have been invited from experienced institutions for providing training of beautician trade through placing advertisements in news papers. Currently scrutiny of applications is under way and soon a new training programme will be started.

Social Empowerment Schemes
Women Helpline scheme: The basic objective of Women Helpline is to reach out to those women who are victims of violence. Efforts are being made to start such Helplines in all 38 Districts of the State to provide free psychological and legal support to the women who are victims of various types of violence including domestic violence, dowry harassment, dowry death, human trafficking and sexual exploitation. The Women Helpline not only makes women aware of their rights, it also helps them to deal with various types of violence they face in their day-t-o-day life.Achievements: So far 13,368 cases have been filed in 33 Districts through Helpline and out of these 10,104 cases have been disposed of.

  • Short stay Homes: The Government is in the process of setting up one Short stay Home in each District for social and economic rehabilitation of women who are the victims of violence and abuse. According to Immoral Traffic Prevention Act, 1986 and Protection from Domestic Violence Act, 2005, the major objective of setting up Short stay Home is to protect women and adolescent girls from human trafficking and to provide protection and security to women victims of domestic violence.

    At present these Homes are operational in 27 Districts of the State and the work to set up these Homes in remaining District is under process.
  • Note- The Short stay Home in Banka has been closed.

  • Palanaghar Scheme: The Government has decided to set up 100 Palanaghars for children of those working women who face problem in keeping their children of less then five yers with them at the workplace and who have no one in their families to take care of their children. Panaghars, each having the capacity of 10 children, provide nutritional light food and recreational facilities to children including toys.
  • Achievements: In 11 Districts 11 organisations have been given approval to operate Palanaghars and the estimated number of children benefiting from these is 260. District wise details in this regard are awaited.

Social Awareness Programme

  • Use of Folk Theatre: Women Development Corporation (WDC) has been organising awareness campaigns to spread practical knowledge about various Acts and government schemes through cultural programmes. Folk art performances are being staged in the state on issues such as dowry harassment, human trafficking, and child marriage, sexual harassment at work place, female foeticide, legal literacy and economic self reliance. Along with this, people are being encouraged to change their attitude towards women through direct dialogue with community and other stakeholders.

    Achievements: During the year 2010-11, the Women Development Corporation organised a number of awareness campaigns through folk play performances in identified Blocks of Nawada, Gaya and Vaishali Districts to raise awareness on child marriage prevention and child Marriage Prevention Act,2006.

    The Corporation organised street plays on various women related issues on the occasion of International Women's Day (March 8, 2011) in those Districts that came under coverage of this programme.

  • Special Community Cultural Troupe: Work is in progress on a scheme to form a cultural troupe of special communities of society such as beggars, nuts, and people living in difficult circumstances by developing their folk art skills and capacities. For this purpose first these special communities will be identified and their cultural talents will be developed so that the art becomes a means of livelihood for them and then they become the part of mainstream development.

    Achievements: A four day training programme was organised for the youth of minority faqir community in Khagaria District and for the artists of Tharu community in East Chaparan District on gender and women related issues. These artists will further organise campaigns on issues of dowry harassment, child marriage, domestic violence and discrimination against female child in their respective communities.

  • Publications and Information Dissemination on Legal Rights and Constitutional Provisions for Women: Under these scheme posters, booklets, flip charts and advertisements are published on the theme of women's development and empowerment. Along with this, mass awareness on these issues is created through mass media including the use of Radio jingles, TV advertisements and documentaries.

    • A number of flip charts have been developed on various social issues including health, education and also on various Government schemes. This will help SHG members to initiate interactive discussions and increase their awareness.

    • Similarly another flip chart has been developed on the theme of domestic violence and dowry prevention and it is being disseminated.

    • The Corporation also brings out a quarterly journal "Bharati Ki Chitthi" in Hindi to raise awareness of general masses.

    • A number of booklets have been published on the issues of domestic violence, child marriage, legal rights of women and health.

    • WDC has published a poster on the theme of child marriage and right to education. The corporation is also bringing out tin sheet posters on various issues including child marriage, dowry prevention, sexual harassment at the work place and gender inequality. These will be displayed in the premises of Short Stay Homes, Panchayat buildings and colleges.

    • The Information and public Relation Department is being requested to arrange for the broadcast of radio jingles on child marriage, dowry prevention, domestic violence and gender discrimination through Akashvani and Radio Mirchi.

    • TV advertisements on child marriage, dowry prevention and domestic violence have already been prepared and the Information and Public Relation Department is being requested to arrange for their broadcast through various channels.

    • The Information and Public Relation Department has been requested to arrange for the broadcast of the serial "Bihar Ki Nariyan", a serial highlighting the achievements of various programmes under Mukhyamantri Nari Shakti Yojana, on Doordarshan.

    • Training Modules in animation mode have been developed for the training of women and Helpline managers.

  • Social Rehabilitation Fund: Under Immoral Traffic Prevention Act, the victimized women and their children needing urgent protection and security are provided financial help for their rehabilitation (medical, educational, economic and social).

  • Achievements: During the year 2009-10 a total amount of Rs. 95, 10,000.00 was released by the State to Anti -Human Trafficking Committees of all 38 Districts on March 25, 2010. Buxar, Samastipur, Darabhanga, Sitamarhi, Shivhar, Madhybani,Supaul Vaishali, Patna, Bhojpur, Saran East Chaparan,West Champaran, Muzaffarpur and Sewan Districts were provided funds at the rate of Rs. 2.85 lakh per District and the remaining 22 Districts (except Arawal) at the rate of Rs. 2.25 lakh per District. The Anti -Human Trafficking Committees formed in concerned Districts have been provided with the Guidelines approved by the Corporation. The number of beneficiaries according to available data is as follows:

Name of the District

Number of Beneficiaries

Total amount (in Rs.)

Madhepura

25

100000.00

Kishangunj

39

123000.00

Navada

26

86000.00

Vaishali

41

246000.00

Arawal

12

60000.00

Jahanabad

10

40000.00


  • Protection Homes:

  • The process of setting up a 50-bedded Protection Home in Patna is underway. In this connection tenders have been received from 29 NGOs. After this no further action could be taken in this regard as a proposal for budget revision has been sent to the Government.

  • Hostels for Working Women:

  • The process of setting up 50- bedded hostels in Sub Divisional Headquarters in Patna, Gaya, Bhagalpur, Darabhanga and Muzaffarpur has been has already been started. For this purpose five NGOs have been identified. The process in this regard is pending as a proposal for budget revision has been sent to the Government

Cultural Empowerment

International Women's day: On the occasion of International Women's day (March 8, 2011) special programmes were organised in 17 Districts of the State in collaboration with district administration. On this occasion achievements of Government's efforts for women development and empowerment were showcased. Along with this a number of SHGs and their Cooperative Societies organised exhibitions and song and music programmes and plays. Prabhat Pheries and discussions were also organised to mark this occasion.

Innovative Scheme:
To promote innovative efforts towards women empowerment, assistance is being provided to Self Help Groups, Cooperative Federations and registered Non-Government Organisations (NGOs). The major objective of this scheme is to promote innovative economic and social projects that benefit women and adolescent girls and poor and deprived sections of society.

Achievements: So far 20 Proposals have been approved for funding under Innovative Scheme. Some of the major proposals are as follows:

  • Capacity building of women farmers through self employment in lac agriculture. About 130 women are involved in this programme out of which 35 women have received training and of these 12 women are already engaged in lac agriculture.

  • Training of nursing was imparted to the poor urban women. Under this programme 50 poor urban women have already received training.

  • Capacity building and training of poor urban women on handicraft and artificial jewelry production. Under this programme 881 poor women were identified. Of these 37 were provided training for their capacity building and 11 of them were trained as Master Trainers.

  • Capacity building of Backward Class women to enable them to take up Domchuck,a folk tradition, as a means of livelihood.

  • Initiative to promote school education among adolescent girls belonging to mahadalit communities.

  • Empowerment of women farmers through polyhouse agriculture technique. Under this 5 polyhouses have been constructed.

  • Capacity building and empowerment of PRI representatives on the theme of gender selection and female feticide.

  • Publication of a reference booklet on legal rights of Muslim women. The reference booklet has already been developed and its publication is awaited.

  • Promotion of sports talent among girl students of Government schools. Under this programme 3875 girls have been benefited.

  • VDO documentation of popular folk arts.





Department of Social Welfare, Government of Bihar
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